A History of Britain’s Railways
Following the Second World War the four
main railway companies in Britain were merged to form British Railways.
It was later marketed as British Rail.
British Railways no longer operates the
trains in Britain. This task is now divided between a number of concerns
(the train operating companies or TOCs).
The track is owned by Railtrack.
Please see the clickable map for the train
Railways Board still exists and is now responsible for the British
Transport Police, holding of records and disposing of non-operational
This nationalised industry was created in 1948
and privatised in the early 1990s (Act of Parliament in 1993 and divested of
Railway operations by November 1997).
Description of route
British Railways consisted of all the railways
in Britain. This included many railway-operated ferry routes, hotels and other
businesses which railway companies had operated until 1948. The company owned
all the track and operated all the trains.
Four large companies operated in Britain at
the time of the Nationalisation. Here I give a table of these companies and
some of the smaller companies which constituted them before 1923. (This list
is not complete and only indicates some of the larger mileage companies).
Train Operating Companies
Page created on 19/03/1998
Page last edited on: 07/08/2011
Contact: Ewan Crawford