Glasgow Queen Street High Level

Location type

Station

Name and dates

Glasgow Queen Street High Level (1842-)

Station code: GLQ National Rail ScotRail
Where: Glasgow City, Scotland
Opened on the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway.
Open on the West Highland Line.
Open on the Glasgow to Perth.
Open on the Glasgow to Anniesland via Maryhill.

Description

This is a terminus with seven platforms to the north of George Square in Glasgow. The railway was electrified in 2016.

The station is undergoing a major expansion and renovation (2019,2020). The works will, for the first time in its history, bring the station frontage out into the open alongside George Square.

The station is terminus for services to Oban, Fort William, Mallaig, Anniesland, Stirling, Dunblane, Perth, Inverness, Dundee, Aberdeen and Edinburgh Waverley.

Below the station is Glasgow Queen Street Low Level, opened in 1886. Its running lines are a 90 degrees to the main station.

The station is built into the side of a hill, the site of a quarry (Dovanhill Quarry) before opening. It was the western terminus of the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway. Until 1870 it was the terminus for Caledonian Railway trains to Stirling, Perth and the north and the company had a ticket office.

The northern end of the station is within a deep dressed stone lined cutting with Cowlairs Tunnel running northwards beyond. The steep climb is the Cowlairs Incline, up which trains were once hauled by cable powered by steam engine at Cowlairs.

The station has its frontage onto the north side of Glasgow^s George Square. Much of the station dates from the major rebuilding between 1877 and 1888 which enlarged the station and provided the roof. The architect was James Carswell. This is a glazed tied arch, 450 by 250 feet and 78 feet tall. Under this are the passenger platforms. There was a very small goods yard on the east side, not sufficient for the goods traffic, which led to the opening of Sighthill Goods in 1855.

Many of the alterations to the trainshed and surrounding buildings were made in the 1960s and 1970s. These are now being replaced and an entirely new frontage (2019) built. The roof had a narrow escape in the 1960s when it was to be replaced with platform canopies.

The station^s signal box (1881) was located on a gantry over the lines at the station throat. This closed in 1967, replaced by Cowlairs Power Box. The gantry remained in place afterwards until the Buchanan Galleries shopping centre was built at the north end of the station.

The apparent second tunnel entry at the north end of the station, on the east of the Cowlairs Tunnel, does not lead to a tunnel.

Local

The Buchanan Galleries shopping centre is to the north of the station, overshadowing the entry to the Cowlairs Tunnel.

The North British Hotel was to the east of the station. It became a British Transport Hotel and was sold in 1984. It is now the Millenium Hotel Glasgow .

Glasgow City Council - George Square Webcam

Tags

Station terminus

Aliases

Glasgow Queen Street

Facilities

Gaelic name: Glaschu Sraid na Banrighinn




Dates

  /  /1844Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
Banking engines tried on the Cowlairs Incline between Glasgow Queen Street High Level and Cowlairs. Rope haulage was used to assist locomotives pulling trains up this incline. The rope was dropped at the top of the incline. Brake vans were used going down into Glasgow Queen Street High Level.
28/08/1863Glasgow and Milngavie Junction Railway
Line opened as a single track. Stations at; Bearsden, Milngavie. The line ran from Milngavie to Milngavie Junction (later renamed Westerton Junction) with trains continuing to Glasgow Queen Street High Level until the Glasgow City and District Railway opened after which trains started to serve Glasgow Queen Street Low Level.
01/01/1870Buchanan Street Extension (Caledonian Railway)
Completion of expansion works at Glasgow Buchanan Street. The station begins to handle traffic from the north, which had previously used Glasgow Queen Street High Level where the Caledonian Railway had a ticket office. (Another improvement, the Hayhill Branch (Caledonian Railway), giving direct access to the north without reversal at Coatbridge [CR], had opened in 1866.)
  /  /1888Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
Improvement to Glasgow Queen Street High Level station complete. The tunnel mouth at the foot of the Cowlairs Tunnel was opened out in preparation for the opening of a second (eastern) bore, and although the portal was built the tunnel was not.
23/05/1949West Highland Railway
Passenger services between Glasgow Queen Street High Level, Crianlarich and Oban start.
03/03/1954Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
Accident with banking engine at Glasgow Queen Street High Level station demolishes destination board.
06/01/1964Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
Glasgow Queen Street High Level Goods closed.
  /  /1965Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
Glasgow Queen Street High Level closed to steam.
07/11/1966Buchanan Street Extension (Caledonian Railway)
Buchanan Street station closed; Buchanan Street to Sighthill East Junction closed. Where possible trains are diverted to Glasgow Queen Street High Level. A local shuttle to Cumbernauld commences from Springburn.
  /  /1973Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
Glasgow Queen Street High Level and Glasgow Queen Street Low Level modernised.
02/12/1993Glasgow, Dumbarton and Helensburgh Railway
Glasgow Queen Street High Level to Maryhill re-opened for local passenger service (Stations at; Maryhill, Lambhill, Summerston, Possilpark, Ashfield), trains continue to Knightswood West Junction to swap tracks.

Books


A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain: Scotland - The Lowlands and the Borders v. 6 (Regional railway history series)

An Illustrated History of Edinburgh's Railways

An Illustrated History of Glasgow's Railways

An Illustrated History of Glasgow's Railways

Central Glasgow 1893: Lanarkshire Sheet 6.10a (Old Ordnance Survey Maps of Lanarkshire)

Edinburgh ( Western New Town) 1877: Edinburgh Large Scale Sheet 34 (Old Ordnance Survey Maps - Yard to the Mile)

Edinburgh (Rail Centres)

Edinburgh (Rail Centres)
Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway Guidebook (Auld Kirk Museum Publications)
Edinburgh To Inverkeithing.: including The Port Edgar, North Queensferry And Rosyth Dockyard Branches. (Scottish Main Lines.)

Edinburgh Waverley

Edinburgh Waverley Station Through Time
Edinburgh's Transport: The Early Years v. 1
Glasgow Stations

Glasgow's Last Days of Steam

Haymarket Motive Power Depot Edinburgh: A History of the Depot, Its Work and Locomotives, 1842-2010

Landranger (66) Edinburgh, Penicuik & North Berwick (OS Landranger Map)

Last Trains: Edinburgh and South East Scotland v. 1

Memories of Steam from Glasgow to Aberdeen

Memories of Steam from Glasgow to Aberdeen

On Either Side, 1939: The Train between London King's Cross & Edinburgh Waverley, Fort William, Inverness & Aberdeen (Old House)

Rails Around Glasgow

The Next Stop: Inverness to Edinburgh, station by station

This Magnificent Line (the story of the Edinburgh-Glasgow Railway

Vanished Railways of West Lothian