Gartsherrie Iron Works

Location type

Works

Name and dates

Gartsherrie Iron Works (1828-1967)

Served by the Gartsherrie Ironworks and Railways.

Description

This was a large iron works to the north of Coatbridge. It was built by William Baird & Co in 1828. The location was chosen due to the quantity of blackband ironstone, coal and limestone in the area. The works produced forge quality iron.

Bairds were to become a large concern, owning 42 blast furnaces. At the Gartsherrie site there were to be 16 blast furnaces by 1840.

The works were served by a branch of the Monkland Canal and also by the Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway of 1826.

The original course of the Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway through the works was taken over by the company for its own use as it expanded, the railway being relocated just to the east.

The blast furnaces were rebuilt several times. The final rebuild producing a single large capacity furnace, which would lead to long downtimes during relining. The works closed in 1967 and, as often occurs, the furnace dismantled and exported.

Slag was deposited at various locations, originally just east of the works, and area which expanded east. It was also dumped at Kilgarth Slag Hill, in the triangle of lines former by Gartcosh Junction, Gartsherrie South Junction and Garnqueen North Junction. These sidings were on the north side of the west to south curve, accessed from the east - the direction of the iron works. Gunnie Cement was located in the slag processing area east of the works.

Tags

Iron works

External links

Canmore site record
NLS Collection OS map of 1892-1914
NLS Collection OS map of 1944-67
01/07/2020

Dates

  /  /1828William Baird and Company
Construction of Gartsherrie Iron Works begins, to be 8 blast furnaces on the west side of the Monkland Canal's Gartsherrie branch.
  /  /1828Monkland Canal
Gartsherrie, Hornock and Summerlee Branch of canal opened, to serve the under construction Gartsherrie Iron Works, Summerlee Iron Works and Howes Basin.
04/05/1830William Baird and Company
Production starts of first hot blast furnace at Gartsherrie Iron Works.
  /11/1830William Baird and Company
Cold blast used due to technical problems at Gartsherrie Iron Works.
  /10/1831William Baird and Company
Hot blast re-introduced at Gartsherrie Iron Works.
11/09/1832William Baird and Company
Second blast furnace in operation at Gartsherrie Iron Works.
  /  /1843William Baird and Company
16 blast furnaces now in operation at Gartsherrie Iron Works with an annual capacity of 100,000 tons, 8 new blast furnaces opened on the east bank of the Monkland Canal's Gartsherrie branch.
  /  /1878William Baird and Company
Blast furnaces at Gartsherrie Iron Works start being re-built.
  /  /1896William Baird and Company
Blast furnaces at Gartsherrie Iron Works all re-built and by-product plant installed.
  /  /1963William Baird and Company
Decline to buy back the Gartsherrie Iron Works post nationalisation.
  /  /1967William Baird and Company
Former possession Gartsherrie Iron Works closed, although its associated concrete works remained open (concrete can be made from slag).

Books


Coatbridge 1897: Lanarkshire Sheet 7.12 (Old O.S. Maps of Lanarkshire)

Coatbridge 1910: Lanarkshire Sheet 7.12 (Old Ordnance Survey Maps of Lanarkshire)

Coatbridge: Images of Scotland

Monkland: The Canal That Made Money (Lanarkshire heritage series)

Old Coatbridge (Lanarkshire Heritage)

Old Coatbridge Villages

Old Gartcosh, Glenboig, Coatdyke and the Coatbridge Villages

OS Explorer Map (343) Motherwell and Coatbridge (OS Explorer Paper Map) (OS Explorer Active Map)