London and North Western Railway






Dates

24/11/1845~London and North Western Railway
Adlington opened
01/01/1846London and North Western Railway
London and Birmingham Railway, Grand Junction Railway and Manchester and Birmingham Railway merge to form the London and North Western Railway.
  /09/1848London and North Western Railway
Consideration of abandoning Leamington to Rugby line promoted by the former Rugby and Leamington Railway.
14/08/1849Mold Railway
Line opened from Saltney Ferry to Mold, worked by the London and North Western Railway.
  /  /1850London and North Western Railway
Work resumes on the Rugby to Leamington Spa branch.
  /  /1851London and North Western Railway
Rugby to Leamington Spa opened as a single track railway.
  /  /1852Carlisle Citadel Approach [1st] (Maryport and Carlisle Railway)
The Maryport and Carlisle Railway opened a curve (which crossed the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway on the level) to reach Crown Street Goods [MCR] and Carlisle Citadel, the new approach avoiding a reversal carried out between 1851 and 1852 to reach the station. The short Maryport curve from the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway to the London and North Western Railway closes.
02/01/1854Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway
Opened from Hereford Barton to Coedygric on the Monmouthshire Railway and Canal Company. Worked by the London and North Western Railway.
  /  /1859Northampton and Market Harborough Branch (London and North Western Railway)
Line opened with stations at Lamport, Brixworth, Spratton, Pitsford and Brampton.
10/09/1859Lancaster and Carlisle Railway London and North Western Railway
Lancaster and Carlisle Railway leased by the London and North Western Railway.
01/06/1860Ingleton Branch (London and North Western Railway)
Ingleton to Low Gill opened.
01/08/1860~London and North Western Railway
Adderley Park opened
08/11/1861Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway
Agreement reached for lease for 1000 years by the London and North Western Railway.
01/07/1862Shrewsbury and Hereford Railway
Leased jointly by the London and North Western Railway, West Midland Railway and Great Western Railway.
07/08/1862Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway
Lease agreement with London and North Western Railway confirmed by Act.
01/10/1862Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway, London and North Western Railway
London and North Western Railway takes possession of the Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway.
01/03/1864London and North Western Railway, South Wales
Extension from Brynmawr to Nantybwch.
25/07/1864Rhymney Railway
Act for Caerphilly to Cardiff Line (Rhymney Railway) and connection to the Caerphilly Branch (Brecon and Merthyr Railway). Traffic agreement made with the London and North Western Railway. Larger company helps finance smaller company^s plans.
  /  /1865Scottish Central Railway Caledonian Railway
Scottish Central Railway absorbed by Caledonian Railway. Running powers for the North British Railway, London and North Western Railway, Midland Railway and Glasgow and South Western Railway were preserved.
  /  /1865Dumfries, Lochmaben and Lockerbie Railway Caledonian Railway
Dumfries, Lochmaben and Lockerbie Railway absorbed by Caledonian Railway. The Caledonian Railway grants running powers to the London and North Western Railway between Carlisle Citadel, Lockerbie and Dumfries.
29/07/1865London and North Western Railway
Land held at Carlisle Crown Street by the Caledonian Railway sold to the LNWR.
30/07/1865London and North Western Railway
Makes traffic agreement with the Vale of Neath Railway.
05/10/1865London and North Western Railway
Uses running powers over the Taff Vale Extension Railway and an agreement with the Vale of Neath Railway to serve Swansea.
  /  /1866Scottish North Eastern Railway Caledonian Railway
Scottish North Eastern Railway absorbed by Caledonian Railway. Confirmation of running powers for the Highland Railway between Perth General and Stanley Junction. Confirmation of running powers for North British Railway, London and North Western Railway, Midland Railway and Glasgow and South Western Railway. The SNER's running powers over the Montrose and Bervie Railway are transferred to the Caledonian.
  /  /1866Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway, London and North Western Railway
Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway bought by the London and North Western Railway.
16/07/1866Brynmawr and Blaenavon Railway
Act passed, backed by the London and North Western Railway.
  /  /1867London and North Western Railway
Act for north facing junction at Abergavenny for the Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway.
31/01/1867Caledonian Railway London and North Western Railway
Caledonian Railway given running powers over the London and North Western Railway from Carlisle Citadel to Preston.
01/09/1867Beaufort Ironworks Tramway, London and North Western Railway South Wales
Link between lines opened.
  /  /1868Settle and Carlisle Line (Midland Railway)
An agreement with the London and North Western Railway is reached over use of the Ingleton Branch (London and North Western Railway) and Lancaster and Carlisle Railway by the Midland Railway. The route would involve the North Western Railway. The Midland Railway tries to abandon the Settle and Carlisle Line (Midland Railway). The North British Railway and the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway block the abandonment.
  /  /1869Brynmawr and Blaenavon Railway
Incorporated into the London and North Western Railway.
  /  /1871Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway
Abergavenny Junction station re-built at London and North Western Railway expense.
05/09/1871Rhymney and Nantybwch Joint Line (London and North Western Railway, South Wales and Rhymney Railway)
Joint line from Rhymney to Nantybwch opened.
02/10/1871Rhymney and Nantybwch Joint Line (London and North Western Railway, South Wales and Rhymney Railway)
Joint line from Rhymney to Nantybwch opened to public traffic. The London and North Western Railway diverts all of its Cardiff bound traffic to the Rhymney Railway route.
01/01/1873London and North Western Railway South Wales
Line extended to Dowlais Top and Ivor Junction with the Brecon and Merthyr Railway and access to Dowlais Lloyd Street and the Dowlais Iron Company.
  /11/1873London and North Western Railway South Wales
Bill for line to Merthyr and the Brecon and Merthyr Railway, Vale of Neath Railway and Geothin Railway.
18/05/1874London and North Western Railway South Wales, Brecon and Merthyr Railway
London and North Western Railway agrees to withdraw Merthyr bill in exchange for joint ownership of the Brecon and Merthyr Railway branch from Dowlais to Merthyr. A link was to be opened from Penywern Junction, by Ivor Junction, and run from there to Morlais on the Brecon and Merthyr Railway.
14/06/1874London and North Western Railway South Wales
Morlais Tunnel completed.
16/07/1874London and North Western Railway South Wales
Act for extension from Penywern Junction to Morlais.
01/01/1875Pontypool, Caerleon and Newport Railway
London and North Western Railway uses line for Shrewsbury to Newport Mill Street.
  /07/1875Sirhowy Tramroad, London and North Western Railway
The London and North Western Railway starts to run trains on the Sirhowy Tramroad.
21/08/1875Sirhowy Tramroad, London and North Western Railway
Date of retrospective working agreement.
01/10/1875London and North Western Railway
Opens depot at Tyndall Street Goods, Cardiff, approached by 1/2 a mile of traffic from the Rhymney Railway.
13/07/1876Sirhowy Tramroad, London and North Western Railway
Act merging the Sirhowy Tramroad into the London and North Western Railway.
  /  /1877Llanmorlais Branch (London and North Western Railway)
Penclawdo to Llanmorlais opened.
08/07/1877London and North Western Railway
The London and North Western Railway^s new diverted approach to Carlisle Citadel is opened. Railway No 1.
08/07/1877Lancaster and Carlisle Railway London and North Western Railway
The London and North Western Railway opens a new southern approach to Carlisle Citadel, London and North Western Railway No 1 Approach Line.
  /  /1878Lancaster and Carlisle Railway London and North Western Railway
Lancaster and Carlisle Railway vested into the London and North Western Railway.
01/05/1878Brynmawr and Blaenavon Railway
Extension to Abersychan and Talywain opened to passengers. Track in the station was jointly owned by the London and North Western Railway and the Great Western Railway as the line met its Talwain Branch here.
  /  /1879Lancaster and Carlisle Railway London and North Western Railway
Lancaster and Carlisle Railway fully amalgamated with the London and North Western Railway.
  /03/1879Pontypool Caerleon and Newport Railway
London and North Western Railway stop using line for passengers. Cwmbran to Mill Street becomes freight only.
09/06/1879Dowlais and Merthyr Joint Line
London and North Western Railway passenger service starts to run to Merthyr. Access also opened to the Crawshays Private Railway.
  /  /1881London and North Western Railway
Rent the Nantyglo to Brynmawr railway from the Nantyglo and Blaina Iron Company.
14/02/1881London and North Western Railway South Wales
Cwmbargoed Junction to Cwmbargoed (LNWR) opened.
  /  /1884Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway
Private coal and stores siding laid to Abergavenny Lunatic Asylum from south junction at triangle. London and North Western Railway had running powers to hospital.
01/07/1884Bethesda Branch (London and North Western Railway)
Line opened from Penrhyn, by Bangor, to Bethesda.
  /  /1885Portpatrick Railway Wigtownshire Railway
The Caledonian Railway's lease expires - the Portpatrick Railway and Wigtownshire Railway become jointly run as the Portpatrick and Wigtownshire Joint Railway - controlled by the Caledonian Railway, London and North Western Railway, Glasgow and South Western Railway and Midland Railway. The stock was owned by all four companies and operated by the two Scottish companies. The Joint company also owned 4/5 of the Larne and Stranraer Steamship Joint Committee, the remaining 1/5 owned by the Belfast and Northern Counties Railway.
04/05/1885London and North Western Railway South Wales
Dowlais High Street opened, through trains to Merthyr stop using Dowlais Lloyd Street, and Dowlais Top closed.
  /07/1893London and North Western Railway Caledonian Railway
Corridor dining cars begin to be used on the West Coast Main Line.
  /  /1895Weedon, Daventry and Leamington Spa Branch (London and North Western Railway)
Line opened.
  /  /1900Penllwyn Tramway, London and North Western Railway
A new spur, west of Nine Mile Point, is opened to the Penllwyn Tramway by the owners, the London and North Western Railway to give access to Nine Mile Point Colliery. Formerly this tramway was accessible by a point west of Nine Mile Point and thus in Great Western Railway territory.
31/07/1902Brynmawr and Western Valleys Railway
Line taken over jointly by the London and North Western Railway and the Great Western Railway as the Nantyglo and Blaina Iron Company were asking too high a price to buy their private Nantyglo Iron Works to Brynmawr railway.
  /  /1910London and North Western Railway, South Wales
Run-away coal train piles up after being diverted onto a dead-end siding by signalman on Ebbw Vale Branch.
  /  /1918London and North Western Railway
Lease of the Nantyglo to Brynmawr railway expires.
  /  /1923London Midland and Scottish Railway
0-8-4 tanks by H.P.M. Beams introduced on the London and North Western Railway, South Wales.
  /  /1937London and North Western Railway South Wales
Cwmbargoed branch closed.
  /  /1948~London and North Western Railway
Adlington renamed Adlington (Cheshire)
05/02/1951Beaufort Ironworks Tramway, London and North Western Railway, South Wales
Link closed to passengers.
23/09/1953Rhymney Railway, London and North Western Railway, South Wales
Joint line from Rhymney to Rhymney Bridge closed.
22/11/1954London and North Western Railway South Wales
Freight services transferred to Great Western Railway routes.
  /  /1958Weedon, Daventry and Leamington Spa Branch (London and North Western Railway)
Closed to passengers.
06/01/1958London and North Western Railway South Wales
Closed to passengers.
  /  /1959London and North Western Railway
Rugby to Leamington Spa closed to passengers.
02/11/1959Beaufort Ironworks Tramway, London and North Western Railway, South Wales
Link closed completely.
04/01/1960Northampton and Market Harborough Branch (London and North Western Railway)
Line closed to passengers.
  /  /1963Weedon, Daventry and Leamington Spa Branch (London and North Western Railway)
Closed to goods except the Marton to Southam section which was accessed by the Rugby to Marton line.
07/10/1963Bethesda Branch (London and North Western Railway)
Line closed.
06/01/1969Northampton and Market Harborough Branch (London and North Western Railway)
Line re-opened for through passenger trains.
01/05/1969Northampton and Market Harborough Branch (London and North Western Railway)
Line closed to passengers.
10/07/1972Northampton and Market Harborough Branch (London and North Western Railway)
Line re-opened for through passenger trains.
16/08/1981Northampton and Market Harborough Branch (London and North Western Railway)
Line closed to passengers.
  /  /2006Ditton, Runcorn Gap and Dutton Line and Edge Hll to Speke Line (London and North Western Railway) Manchester to Cressington Junction Line (Cheshire Lines Committee)
Liverpool South Parkway opened with platforms on both lines.