Ballochney Railway

Introduction

This railway is closed. The line ran east from Kipps, connecting many mine workings to the Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway, allowing minerals to be forwarded by the Forth and Clyde Canal to Glasgow or Edinburgh, or to be used in the local iron industry around Coatbridge.

Going east from Kipps the line climbed the Ballochney Incline (fortunately loaded coal trains were going downhill, pulling the empties uphill).

The line provided the first passenger station for Airdrie.

No part remains open today. Today^s Airdrie station is located on a newer line which bypassed the inclline. It survives as a network of paths and abandoned trackbeds to the north of Airdrie. Opencast mining has robbed us of its remains in at the eastern, Ballochney, end.

Why built

The line connected a myriad of mines north of Airdrie to the growing railway network, iron works and Forth and Clyde Canal. Many of the shareholders and directors had a vested interest in the line being industrialists or mine owners.

Thomas Grainger was the engineer. In its early years it was a highly profitable line, with an impressive 20% dividend.

Branches were added to the main stem of the line as suited the needs of industry.




Dates

  /  /1826Ballochney Railway
Act receives Royal assent.
  /  /1828Ballochney Railway
Leaend station, near Airdrie, opened.
  /  /1828Ballochney Railway
Commonhead station opened?
  /  /1828Ballochney Railway
Rawyards station opened?
  /  /1830Monkland and Kirkintilloch RailwayBallochney Railway
Garden Square, Village built at Leaend for Railway workers.
  /  /1835Ballochney Railway
Craigmaukin to Dykehead opened.
  /  /1837Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway
A locomotive erecting works in a workshop by the Ballochney Railway is abandoned, and Mosside Works is opened, on the other side of the railway from the old shed.
  /05/1841Ballochney Railway
Dykehead Junction to Darngarvil Colliery Sidings opened
  /06/1843Ballochney Railway
Dykehead Junction to Darngarvil Colliery Sidings branch sanctioned by government.
26/12/1844Ballochney Railway
Leaend station closed.
26/12/1844Ballochney Railway
Airdrie Hallcraig Street station opened (later known as Airdrie North Goods).
28/10/1846Ballochney Railway
The rope of a self-acting incline breaks and a coal train and passenger train run downhill and collide at the single track at the foot of an incline.
27/07/1847Ballochney Railway
Converted to standard gauge.
14/08/1848Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway Ballochney Railway Slamannan Railway Monkland Railways
Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway merges with Ballochney Railway and Slamannan Railway to become Monkland Railways.
  /  /1862Ballochney Railway
Whiterigg opened.
  /  /1900Ballochney Railway
Closed between Calderbank Branch Junction and Brownieside Junction.
01/05/1930Monkland and Kirkintilloch RailwayBallochney Railway Slamannan Railway Slamannan and Borrowstounness Railway
Coatbridge (Greenside Junction) (excluded) to Manuel Low Level (excluded) closed to passengers. Commonhead, Rawyards, Airdrie Hallcraig Street, Whiterigg stations on the Ballochney Railway closed. Longriggend, Slamannan, Avonbridge, Blackston Junction, Bowhouse, Causewayend [MR] [2nd] closed.
  /  /1936Ballochney Railway
Closed between Rawyards and Calderbank Branch Junction.
01/09/1949Ballochney Railway
Closed between Rawyards and Dykehead Junction.
01/09/1949Ballochney Railway
Closed between Dykehead Junction and Greengairs Siding.
01/09/1949Ballochney Railway
Closed between Dykehead Junction and Ballochney Junction.
01/09/1949Ballochney Railway
Closed between Ballochney Junction and Ballochney Colliery.
01/09/1949Ballochney Railway Slamannan Railway
Rawyards (excluded) to Ballochney Junction to Slamannan closed to freight. (Requires checking.)
01/05/1956Ballochney Railway
Closed between Commonhead and Rawyards.
  /  /1959Ballochney Railway
Rawyards to Kipps Junction Incline Foot (excluded) closed.
06/07/1964Ballochney Railway
Closed between Kipps Junction, Kipps Junction Incline Foot, Commonhead and Airdrie Hallcraig Street (then named Airdrie North Goods).
18/08/1971Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway Ballochney Railway
Greenside Junction (excluded) to Kipps Junction closed.
  /  /1984Monkland and Kirkintilloch RailwayBallochney Railway
Area around Kipps Junction landscaped and remains of railway and Northburn Steel Works removed.
  /12/1985Ballochney Railway
Closed between Moffat Mills Junction and Inver House Distillery.

Portions of line and locations

This line is divided into a number of portions.


Kipps to Ballochney

From Kipps Junction to Ballochney Colliery.

This was the wagon works of the Ballochney Railway, on the west side of the Kipps Level Crossing. It was a timber building of one road, approached from east. It was located to the east of later Kipps Shed, which first apears on 1858/60 Ordnance Survey map.
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This was a marshalling yard of around 17 single ended sidings east of Kipps Junction. It was located on the south side of the Ballochney Railway and was approached from the west.
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See also
Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway


This was a junction which grew to serve numerous lines and yards.
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See also
North Monkland Railway
Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway




A series of sidings were on the north side of the Ballochney Railway, east of Kipps junction and west of Kipps Junction Incline Foot.
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This open hearth steel works was located at Kipps, Airdrie. The works was fitted with three 40 ton open hearth furnaces. It produced steel billets.
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This was the incline foot for the lower Ballochney Incline (Commonhead Incline) which ran east to Commonhead and Rawyards. To the west was Kipps Junction.
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See also
Rochsoles Branch (Ballochney Railway)


This location is considered to be the first station in, or rather near, Airdrie.
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This station was located between the upper and lower Ballochney Inclines on a short level section. It was at the junction between the Ballochney Railway and the Hallcraig Street Branch (Ballochney Railway) which ran to Airdrie Hallcraig Street.
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Hallcraig Street Branch (Ballochney Railway)




This was a single platform station located to the immediate east of a junction, level crossing and the Ballochney Incline. It was on the Ballochney Railway at the point of division between the lines to Clarkston (West Moffat) and Ballochney Colliery.
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This was the junction between the Ballochney Railway of 1828 and the Dykehead Junction of 1835. The original line was double track and branch single.
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Clarkston Branch

From Rawyards to Clarkston (West Moffat).

This was a single platform station located to the immediate east of a junction, level crossing and the Ballochney Incline. It was on the Ballochney Railway at the point of division between the lines to Clarkston (West Moffat) and Ballochney Colliery.
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This factory was opened on the north east edge of Airdrie at Rawyards in 1949 by Boots of Nottingham.
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Clarkston (West Moffat) or (Wester Monkland) was a terminus. ...

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